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中华即拍 清代青花狮子绣球纹脉枕

2019-11-23 21:47:44 长春都市网 点击:+ 评论:()
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青花狮子绣球纹脉枕器形方正,青花发色明艳,瓷胎坚实,釉色莹润。狮子戏绣球为民俗喜庆活动,且寓意祛灾祈福,符合脉枕含义。画工流畅,布局合理,脉枕上下两端绘有蝙蝠纹,寓意双福齐头,有较高的收藏及研究价值。

Blue and white lion embroidered ball pillow is square in shape, blue and white hair is bright, porcelain body is solid, and glaze is bright and lustrous. The lion play Hydrangea is a folk celebration activity, which means to dispel disasters and pray for blessings, and conforms to the meaning of the pillow. The painting is smooth, the layout is reasonable, and bat patterns are painted on the upper and lower ends of the pillow, implying double happiness and head alignment, which has high collection and research value.

 

【规格】:长15.8公分,宽:13.5公分,厚:7公分。

[Specification]: length: 15.8cm, width: 13.5cm, thickness: 7cm.

传世所见的脉枕以晚清后的制品为多,图中这件青花脉枕是清中之物,品相完好,脉枕整体为长方形,边侧长条框内有青花装饰纹饰,为折绕连绵的若干个方形回形纹,有富贵不断头的吉祥寓意。脉枕中间绘有青花双狮滚绣球图案,目光看向下方,下方是一只飘带环绕的绣球,狮子壮硕雄健,面相威严,在翻腾跳跃中,紧盯绣球不放,整幅画面民俗色彩强烈,走兽造型生动活泼,洋溢着吉祥喜庆之气。

There are many products after the late Qing Dynasty. In the picture, this blue and white pillow is the one in the middle of the Qing Dynasty. The appearance of the pillow is intact. The whole pillow is rectangular. There are blue and white decorative patterns in the long frame on the side. It is a number of square back-shaped patterns with continuous twists and turns. It has the auspicious meaning of wealth and unbroken head. In the middle of the pillow, there is a blue and white double lion rolling Hydrangea pattern. Looking down, there is a ribbon around the hydrangea. The lion is strong and powerful, with a dignified face. During the tumbling and jumping, he keeps his eyes on the hydrangea. The whole picture is full of strong folk colors, lively animal modeling and auspicious and festive atmosphere.

再看脉枕的局部特征,其内中为空心,左侧有长槽孔口,这是为防止烧制时炸裂所设计的。右侧边侧四方亦是青花回形纹,中间有镂空纹饰,最中央为方孔,上下左右为叶形小孔,应为代表富贵的金钱纹。小孔上可绑绳索,方便医师出诊时携带。细节之处,亦可见到制者的独具匠心。

Then look at the local characteristics of the pillow, which is hollow in the middle and has a long slot hole on the left side, which is designed to prevent blasting during firing. On the right side, there are also blue and white patterns on the four sides. There are hollow patterns in the middle. The most central part is the square hole. The top, bottom, left and right are the leaf shaped holes, which should represent the rich and valuable pattern of money. The small hole can be tied with rope, which is convenient for doctors to carry when visiting. In details, we can see the ingenuity of the makers.

 

脉枕诞生于唐代之前,以陶瓷材质为多,出于对审美视角的考量,历代所制脉枕上多有各类喜庆图文,祥瑞纹饰,因其精美性和实用性,脉枕在古代甚至还随中医文化流传到了海外,天津海洋博物馆就藏有一件明代外销的青花脉枕,打捞于西沙群岛海域沉船上,上面绘有青花神仙人物图案,较为少见,具有较高的学术研究价值。

Before the Tang Dynasty, the pillow was made of ceramic materials. In consideration of the aesthetic perspective, there were many kinds of festive pictures and auspicious decorations on the pillow made in the past dynasties. Because of its delicacy and practicability, the pillow was even spread overseas with the traditional Chinese medicine culture in ancient times. Tianjin Ocean Museum has a blue and white pillow sold abroad in the Ming Dynasty, which was salvaged on the sinking ship in the Xisha Islands There are blue and white immortal figures on the surface, which are rare and have high academic research value.

 

在科技迅猛发展的今天,脉枕失去了用武之地,很少再出现在我们的生活当中。存留至今的脉枕,似乎只纳入了古玩艺术品的范畴,但传统文化的根脉其实是不能中断的,传承数千年的脉枕,还是该发挥为民众健康造福的用途。

Today, with the rapid development of science and technology, the pulse pillow has lost its place in use and rarely appears in our life. It seems that the remains of the pulse pillow are only included in the category of antique works of art, but the root vein of traditional culture can not be interrupted. The pulse pillow inherited for thousands of years should be used for the benefit of people's health.

 

 

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