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轩宇艺术:广东省造贰毫银币介绍

2019-11-24 00:57:04 长春都市网 点击:+ 评论:()
涓浗璐у竵閾搁

 

中国货币铸造流通的历史虽久,但历来只有货币制度而无货币本位制度。近代中国在西方货币制度的影响下,开始考虑建立银本位制度。但在以“两”还是以“元”为货币单位问题上争论不休。宣统二年(1910)四月,度支部奏定《币制则例》,确定国币单位名称为“元”,以银为本位,一元为主币,重库平七钱二分。另以五角、二角五分、一角三种银币,五分镍币及二分、一分、五厘、一厘四种铜币为辅币。

Although China has a long history of currency casting and circulation, there has always been only a monetary system without a monetary standard system. Under the influence of the western monetary system, modern China began to consider the establishment of the silver standard system. However, there are endless debates on whether to use "two" or "yuan" as the monetary unit. In April of the second year of Xuantong (1910), the Duzhi Branch formulated the Regulations on Currency System, which defined the name of the national currency unit as "yuan", with silver as the standard, one yuan as the main currency, and double Treasury level as seven dollars and two cents. In addition, five cents, twenty-five cents and ten cents of silver coins, five nickels and two cents, one cent, five cents and one cents of copper coins are used as supplementary coins.

从此,我国货币进入以“元”为主币的时代。但近代广东不同于全国,以辅币“银毫(毫银)”为主币,并且沿用了半个世纪,很是奇特。广东银毫为何成为广东市场流通的主币呢?

Since then, China's currency has entered the era of "yuan" as the main currency. But in modern times, Guangdong was different from the whole country, with the auxiliary coin "silver milligram (silver milligram)" as the main currency, and it lasted for half a century, which was very peculiar. Why did Guangdong Silver Million become the main currency in circulation in Guangdong market?

首先,广东人向有使用银毫的传统。广东人俗称小银币为银毫(毫银),广东话“一毫”即“一毛”之意,因此称呼二角、一角、五分面值小银币为“二毫、一毫、半毫”银毫。广东银币又称广东省造银元,泛指广东铸钱厂生产的各种面值银元。广东铸钱厂原为广东钱局,后改为户部辖度支部造币厂广东分厂。由光绪年间开始生产银币一直到民国年间生产了数十种不同面值的银元和银币。辛亥革命后,广东造币厂将旧币(龙洋)收回改铸“中华民国贰毫银币”,设计简洁,重一钱四分四厘,成色银七铜三。发行之后,商民称便,声誉颇佳,逐渐流布全国,成为长江以南各省贸易流通中的重要辅币。从存世实物看,民国元年至十三年(除民国五年、六年外)以及民国十七年、十八年,广东造币厂每年均铸造发行二毫银币。

First of all, Cantonese people have a tradition of using silver milligrams. Guangdong people commonly call small silver coins silver millisecond (millisecond silver). In Cantonese, "one millisecond" means "one hair". Therefore, it is called "two millisecond, one millisecond and half millisecond" silver millisecond. Guangdong silver coin, also known as Guangdong silver-making yuan, generally refers to all kinds of denominated silver yuan produced by Guangdong Cash Mill. Guangdong coin casting factory was originally Guangdong money Bureau, and later it was changed into Guangdong Branch of the household subordinate Du branch mint. From Guangxu to the Republic of China, dozens of different denominations of silver and silver coins were produced. After the Revolution of 1911, the Guangdong Mint reclaimed and recasted the old coins (Longyang) into "the Republic of China's cheap silver coins". The design was simple, weighing one dollar, four cents and four cents, and the finished silver, seven copper and three bronzes. After the issuance, the merchants said it was convenient and had a good reputation. It gradually spread throughout the country and became an important subsidiary currency in the trade circulation of the provinces south of the Yangtze River. In terms of living objects, from the first year to the thirteenth year of the Republic of China (except five and six years of the Republic of China) and from the seventeenth and eighteenth years of the Republic of China, the Guangdong Mint annually minted and issued two millions of silver coins.

轩宇艺术有幸征得一枚广东省造中华民国九年贰毫银币,正面铸“贰毫银币”,并绕以“中华民国九年”、“广东省造”字样,左右分列四瓣花星。背面铸“20”并绕以英文字“KWANG-TUNG PROVINCE TWENTY CENTS(广东省造20仙)”。藏品铸造精美,表面包浆自然,品相保存完好,历史留下的痕迹清晰可见,极具收藏价值和观赏性。

Xuan Yu Art was fortunate to have a silver coin in the nine-year period of the Republic of China in Guangdong Province. It was cast in the front, and it was surrounded by the words "Nine Years of the Republic of China" and "Guangdong Province". star. Cast "20" on the back and wrap it around the English word "KWANG-TUNG PROVINCE TWENTY CENTS". The collection is beautifully cast, the surface is naturally filled, the appearance is well preserved, the traces left by history are clearly visible, and it is highly collectible and ornamental.

我国上下悠悠五千年的前史,源源不绝,五光十色,每一个前史时期都有着其独特的代表符号,而银元作为民国时期的一种流通时期较短的钱银,也成为了前史长河中不行短少的重要组成部分。自民国元年始,广东造币厂所铸毫币,逐渐流布全国,而长江以南各省交易均将其用作辅币,这些钱币在当时的金融界具有无关宏旨的位置。

Our country has a long history of 5000 years, which is endless and colorful. Every prehistoric period has its unique symbol. As a kind of money and silver with a short circulation period in the Republic of China, the silver dollar has become an important part of the long river of prehistoric history. Since the first year of the Republic of China, the coins minted by the Guangdong Mint gradually spread throughout the country, while they were traded as subsidiary coins in the provinces south of the Yangtze River. These coins had irrelevant positions in the financial circles at that time.

在近现代钱币交易中,银元是钱币收藏的大类,历来都受到很多藏家的关注,不同版别的银币都有独特的韵味,值得藏家深品。银币是上世纪中国发行的货币,在当时来说可谓是特异独行,别具一格,有着历史熏陶,是价值很高的革命文物,具有深远的历史意义。同时,还是考古和研究中国历史文化难得的实物,价值不菲,十分珍贵。

In modern and contemporary coin trading, silver dollar is a large category of coin collection, which has always attracted the attention of many collectors. Different versions of silver coins have unique charm, which is worthy of deep appreciation by collectors. Silver coin was issued by China in the last century. At that time, it was unique and unique. It had historical edification. It was a highly valuable revolutionary cultural relic and had far-reaching historical significance. At the same time, it is also a rare object in Archaeology and research of Chinese history and culture, which is of great value and very precious.

丰富艺术生活,传递艺术价值!如果您对此枚古钱币感兴趣,欢迎联系轩宇(广州)艺术传媒有限公司!

Enrich art life and deliver artistic value! If you are interested in this ancient coin, please contact Xuanyu (Guangzhou) Art Media Co., Ltd.!

分享是一种美德,分享是一种快乐,学会分享,快乐他人!

Sharing is a virtue, sharing is a pleasure, learning to share, happy others!

中国书画:历代著名画家及近现代名人绘画精品等;

中国陶瓷:历代陶瓷精品等高端艺术品;

翡翠玉器:明清玉、高古玉、近现代玉器、翡翠等;

杂项精品:木雕、印章、奇石、文房用品、古籍善本等。

 

轩宇(广州)艺术传媒有限公司

 

联系地址:广州市天河区珠江新城华夏路30号富力盈通大厦808

公司官网:www.xuanyuart.com

联系电话:400-156-3599

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