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网上古玩商城精品推荐19年第10期:大清铜币

2019-11-25 17:07:45 长春都市网 点击:+ 评论:()
涓浗鏄娇鐢ㄩ噾灞炶揣甯佹渶鏃╃殑鍥藉銆傝

中国是使用金属货币最早的国家。而金属货币中,历代又以铜币为主。所以,中国古代的货币史,实际上就是铜币史。清朝时,多位清帝在位时发行过铜币来作为流通货币,铜币的使用具有重要的现实意义和历史意义,使交易逐渐便利起来。而如今,大清铜币也具有一定的收藏价值,许多收藏家对大清铜币爱不释手,而收集多种多样的铜币已经成为了他们的目标。

China is the first country to use metal currency. Among the metal coins, copper coins were the main type. Therefore, the history of ancient Chinese currency is actually the history of copper coins. In the Qing Dynasty, many Qing emperors issued copper coins as circulation currency. The use of copper coins has important practical and historical significance, which makes the transaction more and more convenient. Today, the Qing Dynasty copper coins also have a certain collection value, many collectors can't let go of the Qing Dynasty copper coins, and collecting a variety of copper coins has become their goal.

 

【藏品名称】:大清铜币

[collection name]: Qing Dynasty copper coins

【类别】:钱币

Class: Coins

清代机制铜圆铸造由广东伊始,1900年(光绪二十六年),两广总督德寿与前总督李鸿章奏准仿香港铜仙铸造机制铜圆。机制铜圆较之方孔铜钱铸造精良,市商乐用,流通顺畅。次年,清政府即谕令沿江沿海各省准许仿铸。尔后,全国各地纷纷开机铸造铜圆。一直到1911年(宣统三年)停止铸造。铸造流通时间尽管只有十余年,但其鼎盛时期全国共有十七省二十局开机铸造铜圆。无一不铸造当十铜圆,而二文、五文、二十文铜圆则仅有部分省局铸造。

In 1900 (the 26th year of Guangxu), the governor of Guangdong and Guangdong, Deshou, and Li Hongzhang, the former governor of Guangdong and Guangdong provinces, played quasi imitation of Hong Kong copper immortal to cast the machine-made copper circle. Compared with the square hole copper coin, the machine-made copper round is excellent in casting, convenient for commercial use and smooth in circulation. The next year, the Qing government ordered the coastal provinces along the river to allow imitations. After that, all over the country started casting copper. It was not cast until 1911 (Xuantong three years). Although the casting time is only more than ten years, there were 17 provinces and 20 bureaus in the peak period of casting copper. All of them are cast as ten copper circles, while the two, five and twenty copper circles are only cast by some provinces.

 

清代机铸铜圆主要分为两类:光绪元宝和大清铜币。1905年,清政府为整齐划一铜圆,解决流弊,着手铸造“大清铜币”,至宣统三年(1911年)为止,这一时期各地所制铜圆多有大清铜币字样。总厂造币均在正面左右分列“户部”和干支纪年文字,后期则去掉”户部”,仅有干支纪年文字,各地造币均在正面中央铸以英文省名(也有少数为阳文)以示区别。大清铜币多系户部统一颁发的祖模,所以背面统一为蟠龙图,又称“大清龙”,但也有背水龙、坐龙等图案,但为数不多。大清铜币有4种面值:当二重四分,当五重一钱,当十重二钱,当二十重四钱。

There are two main types of machine-made copper coins in Qing Dynasty: Guangxu Yuanbao and Qing copper coins. In 1905, the Qing government began to forge "Qing Dynasty copper coins" in order to make a copper circle in order to solve the disadvantages. Until the third year of Xuantong (1911), the copper circles made in this period had many characters of Qing Dynasty copper coins. The mints of the general mint are divided into "Hubu" and "Ganzhi chronological characters" on the obverse and left and right respectively, and "Hubu" is removed in the later period. Only the Ganzhi chronological characters are available, and the mints of various places are all cast in the middle of the obverse with English provincial names (and a few of them are in Yangwen) to show the difference. The bronze coins of the Qing Dynasty are mostly ancestral models issued by each household, so the reverse of the coins is a flat dragon, also known as the "Qing dragon", but there are also patterns of water dragon and sitting dragon, but there are few. There are four denominations of Qing Dynasty copper coins: when they are double four, when they are five times one, when they are ten times two, when they are twenty times four.

 

这枚大清铜币。正面中央为“大清铜币”字样,外环珠圈,上缘满文“大清铜币”,下缘纪值“当制钱二十文”,两侧边缘分列“丁未”两字;背面中央为大清龙图,神龙纹路清晰,如刀刻所成,铸造工艺神乎其技,且龙身纹路精美,并有云海衬托,看上去仿佛是一幅神龙翱翔天际油画,极其瑰丽,美得动人心魄。珠圈外上缘“光绪年造”,下缘英文为“大清帝国铜币”。

This Qing copper coin. In the center of the obverse is the inscription of "Qing Dynasty copper coin", the outer ring is surrounded by beads, the upper margin is full of the inscription of "Qing Dynasty copper coin", the lower margin is worth "when making money 20 articles", and the two sides are separated by "Ding Wei"; in the center of the back is the picture of Qing Dynasty dragon, with clear patterns, such as those made by knife carving, the casting process is superb, and the dragon tattoo is exquisite, with clouds and sea backing, it looks like a dragon flying in the sky Oil painting is extremely magnificent and charming. The upper edge of the bead circle is "made in the year of Guangxu", and the lower edge is "copper coins of the Qing Empire".

 

大清铜币从存量上来说是比较多的,版式也比较多样,因为它的发行处在不同的历史时期,所以每个版式的历史意义也不同,深受广大收藏者的喜爱,具有很高的收藏价值。此大清铜币虽然经历了无穷岁月的洗礼,但是如今保存依然较为完好,且位居中国近代机制币中的十大名誉品之一,极具收藏价值。

In terms of stock, there are many types of copper coins in Qing Dynasty. Because its issuance is in different historical periods, the historical significance of each type is also different, which is loved by the majority of collectors and has high collection value. Although the Qing Dynasty copper coins have experienced the baptism of endless years, they are still well preserved, and they are one of the ten famous coins in modern China, which is of great collection value.

 

 

 

 

 

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