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千古商城 定窑黑釉刻花碗

2019-11-25 20:07:55 长春都市网 点击:+ 评论:()
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定窑是我国宋代五大名窑之一,它是继唐代的邢窑白瓷之后兴起的一大瓷窑体系,主要产地在今河北省保定市曲阳县的涧磁村、东燕川村、西燕川村一带,因为该地区唐宋时期属定州管辖,故名定窑。

Dingyao is one of the five famous kilns in Song Dynasty in China. It is a large porcelain kiln system rising after the white porcelain of Xingyao in Tang Dynasty. Its main producing areas are Jianci village, dongyanchuan village and xiyanchuan village in Quyang County, Baoding City, Hebei Province. Because this area was under the jurisdiction of Dingzhou in Tang and Song Dynasty, it is named Dingyao.

 

定窑创烧于唐,极盛于北宋及金,终于元。其在唐代时就已是著名瓷场,专烧白釉、黄釉瓷,宋代时大量烧制白瓷,其次有黑釉、酱釉、绿釉等品种,文献分别称其为“黑定”、“紫定”和“绿定”。白瓷胎土细腻,胎质薄而有光,釉色纯白滋润,上有泪痕,釉为白玻璃质釉,略带粉质,因此称为粉定,亦称白定。其它瓷器胎质粗而釉色偏黄俗称土定;紫色者为紫定;黑色如漆的为黑定,传世极少。定窑生产规模宏大,品种繁多。多为碗、盘、瓶、碟、盒和枕,亦产净瓶和海螺等佛前供器,但数量极少,主要是作为贡品进入宫廷。

Dingyao was created and burned in Tang Dynasty, flourished in Northern Song Dynasty and Jin Dynasty, and finally reached Yuan Dynasty. It was already a famous porcelain factory in Tang Dynasty, specialized in white glaze and yellow glaze. In Song Dynasty, white porcelain was fired in large quantities, followed by black glaze, sauce glaze, green glaze and other varieties. The literature called it "heiding", "ziding" and "lvding" respectively. The white porcelain clay is delicate, thin and shiny, the glaze is pure white and moist, with tears on it. The glaze is white glass glaze, slightly silty, so it is called fanding, also known as baiding. Other porcelains are thick in texture and yellow in glaze, which is commonly known as indigo; purple is indigo; black is black like lacquer, which is rarely handed down. Dingyao has a large scale and a wide variety of products. Most of them are bowls, plates, bottles, saucers, boxes and pillows. They also produce pure bottles, conches and other Buddha's offerings, but the number is very small. They are mainly used as tributes to the court.

定窑瓷器以其丰富多彩的纹样装饰而深受人们的喜爱。装饰技法以印花、刻花和划花为主,还有剔花和金彩描花。印花以花卉为主,主要有莲、菊、萱草、牡丹等,也有鸳鸯、龙凤、狮子等动物图案,画面严谨,讲究对称,工整素雅的印花定器历来被视为陶瓷艺术中的珍品。北宋早期定窑刻花、构图、纹样简洁,以重莲瓣纹居多,装饰有浅浮雕之美。北宋中晚期刻花装饰精美绝伦,独具一格。用单齿或双齿梳篦状工具,刻划出由深、浅不一的主线与辅线相衬构成的物象,生动自然,具有较强的立体感,装饰题材以花果、莲鸭、禽鸟、浮鸟、云龙等为主。

Dingyao porcelain is very popular because of its colorful patterns. The decoration techniques are mainly printing, carving and scribing, as well as flower picking and gold color drawing. The printing is mainly based on flowers, mainly including lotus, chrysanthemum, Hemerocallis, peony, mandarin duck, dragon and Phoenix, lion and other animal patterns. The screen is rigorous, symmetrical, neat and elegant printing fixer has always been regarded as a treasure in ceramic art. In the early Northern Song Dynasty, Ding kiln carved flowers with simple composition and patterns, most of which were heavy lotus petal patterns, which were decorated with the beauty of shallow relief. In the middle and late period of the Northern Song Dynasty, the carving decoration was exquisite and unique. With single tooth or double tooth comb like tools, the objects composed of deep and shallow main lines and auxiliary lines are carved, vivid and natural, with strong three-dimensional sense. The decorative themes are mainly flowers and fruits, lotus ducks, birds, floating birds, Yunlong, etc.

 

此件定窑黑釉刻花碗,其器物胎质轻薄、其造型神韵沧桑古朴,包浆自然、釉面光亮如镜,温润如玉黑里透紫的釉色散射着璀璨的宝光,釉下刻花刀迹明显干净利落,纹饰古朴优美,器形硕大甚为鲜见之器物,实可珍之宝。

This Dingyao black glaze engraved bowl has a light and thin body, a simple and unsophisticated shape, a natural coating, a bright glaze like a mirror, a warm purple glaze like jade black, which scatters the bright light. The underglaze engraved blade trace is clear and neat, the pattern is simple and beautiful, and the shape is huge and rare. It is a treasure indeed.

 

 

 

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