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近日 本公司征集精品推荐:乾隆粉彩瓷一对

2020-03-21 11:48:45 长春都市网 点击:+ 评论:()
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近日 本公司征集精品推荐:乾隆粉彩瓷一对、大清银币

【藏品名称】:乾隆粉彩瓷一对(五虎图,八仙过海)

[collection name]: A pair of Qianlong pastel porcelain

【类别】:瓷器

Class: Porcelain

 

乾隆期为清代瓷器制作的鼎盛期。一方面是由于乾隆对瓷器的制作非常重视,对部分彩瓷器物的用途、形状、纹饰常有御旨,制作前需进呈画样或木样,审定后方可烧造。另一方面则是因为当时清宫派驻景德镇的督陶官唐英,他一方面完成皇帝旨意制作精美的宫廷用瓷,另一方面又注意吸收西洋的工艺美术,创造了许多具有新意的粉彩瓷器。

Qianlong period was the heyday of porcelain making in Qing Dynasty. On the one hand, because Qianlong attached great importance to the production of porcelain, he often had a royal purpose for the use, shape and decoration of some color porcelain objects. Before making, he had to present a picture or a wood sample, which could only be fired after approval. On the other hand, it was because Tang Ying, the inspector of pottery in Jingdezhen, was appointed by the Qing palace at that time. On the one hand, he completed the emperor's will to make exquisite palace porcelain, on the other hand, he paid attention to absorbing western arts and crafts, and created many new pastel porcelain.

器型:形制上丰富多样,特别是用于陈设的各式大型器,如转颈瓶、转心瓶、天球瓶、扁瓶、多角瓶等甚为流行。

胎釉:乾隆早期瓷器的胎还是保持雍正时细润的特点,晚期由于督陶官的不力和经济原因,胎质不如唐英督陶的清早中期,但比晚清仍胜一筹。早期釉质莹润与雍正无太大差别,晚期渐糙。

Utensils: there are various shapes, especially various large utensils for display, such as neck turning bottle, heart turning bottle, celestial sphere bottle, flat bottle and multi angle bottle, etc.

Embryo glaze: the embryo of porcelain in the early Qianlong period still keeps the characteristics of being fine and smooth at the right time. In the late period, due to the incompetence and economic reasons of the supervisor, the embryo quality is not as good as that of the early and middle Qing Dynasty of the Tang Dynasty, but still better than that of the late Qing Dynasty. There was no significant difference between the lustrous and lustrous enamel in the early stage and that in the late stage.

精致的粉彩瓷器釉面坚致,细润如脂似玉,光洁无瑕疵。一般粉彩瓷器釉面或莹润,或不够干净,釉面常有均匀似涟漪的小皱纹,以陶瓷板画表现最明显,但没有晚清时期釉面不平的波浪釉严重。

纹饰:乾隆粉彩器纹饰种类众多,有山水、人物故事、花鸟、婴戏、仕女、花果、花卉、题诗,均以当时名画家的绘画为蓝本,兼糅西方绘画技法,勾染皴擦,浓淡分水,清新明艳,立体感强。

彩绘:乾隆粉彩具有用色浓艳、装饰方法多样、富丽华缛的风格。乾隆官窑粉彩集压印、剔划、绘画、开光、色釉、堆塑、描金多种工艺于一体。有的陶瓷器物下部分为色地,腹部为白色或白地开光,开光内绘粉彩纹饰。

The delicate pastel porcelain glaze is firm, fine as fat as jade, smooth and flawless. Generally, the glaze of pastel porcelain is lustrous or not clean enough. The glaze often has small wrinkles like ripples, which are most obvious in ceramic board painting, but not as serious as the uneven wave glaze in the late Qing Dynasty.

Decoration: there are many kinds of decoration of Qianlong pastel ware, including landscape, character stories, flowers and birds, baby plays, maids, flowers and fruits, flowers and poems. All of them are based on the paintings of famous painters at that time, and are combined with Western painting techniques, with a strong sense of three-dimensional.

Color painting: Qianlong pastel has the style of rich color, various decoration methods and rich and colorful. Qianlong official kiln pastes a variety of techniques, including embossing, carving, painting, lighting, color glaze, stacking and gold painting. Some of the lower parts of the ceramic objects are colored, and the abdomen is white or white, with pastel patterns painted inside.

粉彩是景德镇御窑厂的陶工在珐琅彩的启发和影响下,引进铜胎珐琅不透明的白色彩料(玻璃白),并借鉴珐琅彩多色阶的配置技法创烧的一种釉上彩新品种。粉彩的烧造过程相当复杂,需在预先烧制好的白瓷上经过设计画样、勾线、配色、研色、打底、填色、洗染、烧制等多道工序才能完成,粉彩二次入窑的烧成温度一般在750℃左右。粉彩瓷创烧于康熙中晚期,当时精品很少。雍正时期,粉彩瓷在造型、绘画技法及装饰图案等方面已趋于成熟。由于粉彩改变了五彩平涂的绘画技法,给人“粉润柔和”之感,与康熙硬彩(五彩)相对,亦称“软彩”。《陶雅》云:“康熙彩硬,雍正彩软。软彩者粉彩也。彩之有粉者,红为淡红,绿为淡绿,故曰软也。

Under the influence of enamel, the potters of Jingdezhen imperial kiln introduced opaque white material (glass white) of copper body enamel and created a new type of glaze color by using the configuration technique of enamel multi-color steps for reference. The firing process of pastels is quite complicated. It needs to go through many processes such as design, drawing, color matching, research, priming, filling, washing and dyeing, firing, etc. on the pre fired white porcelain. The firing temperature of pastels entering the kiln for the second time is generally around 750 ℃. Pastel porcelain was created in the middle and late Kangxi period, when there were few fine products. During the Yongzheng period, the pastel porcelain had become mature in modeling, painting techniques and decorative patterns. Because the pastels changed the painting technique of the flat painting of the five colors, it gave people the feeling of "pastel and soft", which was opposite to the hard (five colors) of Kangxi, also known as "soft color". "Tao Ya" said: "Kangxi color hard, Yongzheng color soft. Soft pastels are also pastels. The color of powder, red for light red, green for light green, so soft also.

乾隆帝统治清王朝长达60年,将“康乾盛世”的繁华局面推向了极致。景德镇的制瓷业亦盛极一时,集历代之大成者于一身。据《清档》记载,乾隆皇帝对瓷器有着特殊偏好,对粉彩瓷更是情有独钟,经常直接关注粉彩瓷的烧制。例如:制作前须呈送画样或木样,待皇帝亲自审核后才能送景德镇御窑厂烧制;有些器物的用途、造型、纹饰、款识以及配合纹饰的诗句等都须经过乾隆皇帝的审批;瓷器如果烧制不好,还要赔偿甚至受到严惩,如乾隆十三年(1748年)乾隆下旨:“唐英呈进瓷器仍系旧样,为何不照所发新样烧造进呈,将这次呈进瓷器钱粮不准报销,着依赔偿。”这种大背景下,粉彩瓷达到了其发展的顶峰。

Emperor Qianlong ruled the Qing Dynasty for 60 years, pushing the prosperous situation of "KangQian prosperous age" to the extreme. Jingdezhen's porcelain making industry is also very prosperous, integrating the great achievements of the past dynasties. According to the records of Qing Archives, Emperor Qianlong had a special preference for porcelain, especially for pastel porcelain. He often paid direct attention to the firing of pastel porcelain. For example: before making, the painting or wood samples must be submitted to the imperial kiln of Jingdezhen for firing after the emperor's personal review; the use, shape, decoration, entertainment and poems matching the decoration of some implements must be approved by the emperor of Qianlong; if the firing of porcelain is not good, compensation or even severe punishment must be made, for example, in the 13th year of Qianlong (1748), the emperor of Qianlong issued a decree: "the Tang and the English are still presented in porcelain It's an old sample. Why don't you burn it according to the new one and present it to the porcelain? No reimbursement is allowed for the money and grain presented this time. It depends on compensation. " In this background, the development of pastel porcelain has reached its peak.

 

【藏品名称】:大清银币

[collection name]: Silver coin

【类别】:钱币

Class: coins

 

宣统元年(1909年)二月,清政府成立“币制调查局”,考察征求商民意见,确定统一币制办法,为制定“币制则例”做好准备。宣统二年四月十六日,清政府发布上谕,颁布“大清币制则例《二十四条》”,则例称:“中国国币单位,著即定名曰‘圆’,暂就银为本位,以一元为主币,重库平七钱二分,另以五角、二角五分、一角三种银币及五分镍币,二分、一分、五厘、一厘四种铜币为辅币。元、角、分、厘各以十进,永为定价,不得任意抵昂。”同时还严格规定了银元的银、铜比例,确保银元的成色,禁止各省自由铸造银元,将货币的发行权收归中央政府。宣统二年天津造币总厂根据币制则例开祖模铸造“宣统年造大清银币壹圆、五角、二角、五分及壹角四种银元。

In February of the first year of Xuantong (1909), the Qing government established the "currency system investigation bureau" to investigate and solicit the opinions of the merchants and the people, determine the unified currency system methods, and prepare for the formulation of "currency system rules". On April 16, Xuantong's second year, the Qing government issued an upper order, which issued the "twenty four rules" of the Qing Dynasty's currency system, which said: "the Chinese national currency unit, named as" Yuan ", is temporarily based on silver, with one yuan as the main currency, with seven coins and two cents in the Treasury. In addition, there are three kinds of silver coins and nickel coins, with two cents, one cent, five cents and one cent as copper coins Fractional currency. Yuan, Jiao, Fen and Centigrade shall be priced in decimals and shall never be set at will. " At the same time, the proportion of silver and copper in the silver dollar is strictly regulated to ensure the quality of silver dollar. It is forbidden for each province to cast silver dollar freely, and the right to issue currency is returned to the central government. In the second year of Xuantong, according to the rules of currency system, Tianjin minting factory opened a mold to cast "four kinds of silver coins, namely, one yuan, five jiao, two jiao, five Fen and one jiao, were made in Xuantong.

 

宣统三年大清银币,是清末币制改革的产物,版别多式,设计新颖,制作精良,历为钱币爱好者的珍藏品。宣统三年大清银币有不同版式,其中长须龙、短须龙、大尾龙比较稀少。但尚未发行就遇武昌起义,仅“曲须龙”发行,其余的大多数是样币。

The silver coins of the three years of Xuantong in the Qing Dynasty are the product of the reform of the currency system in the late Qing Dynasty. They are of various types, novel designs, and well made, and have been treasured by coin lovers. There were different types of silver coins in the three years of Xuantong, among which long, short and big tailed dragons were rare. However, in Wuchang Uprising, only "quxulong" was issued, and most of the rest were sample coins.

此钱币图文深邃,纹饰精美,图案考究,十分美观。钱币正面珠圈内刻汉字“大清银币”四字,珠圈外上端为满文,下缘为汉字“宣统三年”字样,左右两旁分列长枝菊花纹饰,花开灿烂,十分漂亮。钱币背面下缘是英文币值“ONE DOLLAR。其设计新颖,制作精良,图案精美细腻,品相俱佳,且版本稀少,极为罕见,十分珍稀,极具收藏价值!

The pictures and texts are profound, the patterns are exquisite, the patterns are exquisite and very beautiful. The four characters of "Qing Dynasty silver coin" are engraved in the bead circle on the front of the coin. The upper end of the bead circle is Manchu, and the lower edge is the character "three years of Xuantong". There are long chrysanthemum patterns on the left and right sides. The flowers are bright and beautiful. The lower edge of the reverse is one dollar. Its design is novel, the production is excellent, the design is exquisite and exquisite, the products are all good, and the version is rare, extremely rare, very rare, very valuable collection!

 

丰富艺术生活,传递艺术价值!如果您对此感兴趣,欢迎联系庭杰网络服务有限公司!

Enrich art life and transfer art value! If you are interested in this , please contact Tingjie Network Service Co., Ltd!

 

分享是一种美德,分享是一种快乐,学会分享,快乐他人!

Sharing is a virtue, sharing is a joy, learn to share, happy others!

 

 

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